Closed Face Spinning ReelThe simplest to use is the closed-face spinning reel, which is operated by a push button and helps protect against getting bird nests (tangles) in your line when you cast. This type of reel is perfect for beginers and especially children. The length of you cast is limited with this reel type.
Open-faced Spinning ReelsAn Open-faced Spinning Reel lets you cast further than a closed-face reel, so once you get used to the closed-faced reels, they are the next step.
How big the reel is depends on where you are fishing, the weight of fishing line you are going to use and how much of it you need. For smaller fish, a moderately short length of light line works so you don't need a big reel. Saltwater anglers going after bigger, stronger fish need heavier line and more of it so the reel has to be larger.
Basic Open-Faced Spinning Reel Sizes
1# to 4# Line, spool capacity will vary be brand
The smallest size, mini reels can make a puny fish seems like a lunker. Can be used on larger bass, but be careful if you do, landing a larger fish with a mini can be trying.
4# Line, +/-200 yds
Not too much larger than a mini, ultralight setups offer a fun fight with smaller fish. Better suited for a larger bass than the mini, ultralights have a larger spool with quicker line pickup.
10# Line, +/-200 yds
This is the most common size reel typically used for freshwater fishing. Anglers will usually use line that is between 6 - 12 pounds. A Standard size reel is a workhorse, nible enough for smaller catches, but strong enough to go after the lunkers. When used with heavier line(12#+) performs well in coastal flats and calm surf.
15# Line, 200 - 250 yds
With more capacity and brute strength than the standard size, intermediate size reels are very popular in coastal waters and lite surf.
20# Line, +/-200 - 250 yds
Great for handling a giant tarpon from a pier or boat, a heavy reel will accomadate a large amount of heavy test line with the strength to use it.