|Fishing rods or poles come in a few basic types. A rod can be as simple as a cane pole or very sophisticated and made of space age materials.|
Cane poles are poles made of bamboo, with some fishing line tied to it. On this type of rod, the line is typically about as long as the pole and you just swing the bait out into the water, and if you catch a fish you lift the whole, rod-line-hook and fish up all at once.
More sophisticated rods have reels to cast the line out further and allow the angler to work the lure attached to the end and fight and reel the fish they hook.
Spinning rods typically have bigger guides (rings or eye-holes) for the line to go through near the handle and get smaller at the tip.
The rod shaft is called a blank. When you add guides or eyes and a handle, the rod is complete.
Rods are made of graphite, fiberglass, or other material.
The feedback that you get from a nibble or bite is called the rod action. The action can be characterised as light, medium, medium/heavy, and heavy. The rod you choose should provide the action feedback that you are comfortable with that suits your personal fishing style.
|The guides on your rods must be checked and kept free of any abrasive areas. Pull a strip of pantyhose through the rod guides to check for snags, or a cotton tipped swab. Saltwater will wreak havoc with roller guides. Inspect them before and after each trip. When trolling, make sure the line is not wrapped around a guide. |
|Casting or Fly Fishing|
Fly Fishing rods are long, thin, flexible rods sometimes made of bamboo, but more recently from man-made materials. Fly rods tend to have large diameter eyes (or guides) spaced along the rod to help control the movement of relatively thick fly line. To aid in the freedom of movement required to skillfully cast with a fly rod, there is usually little to no butt (handle) extending below the fishing reel. Although fly rods are mainly used for casting from fixed positions, they can also be used for trolling for fish.
Spin Casting (or "Spinning") rods are made from graphite or fiberglass with a cork handle, and tend to be between 5 and 7 feet (1.5 and 2.5 m) in length. Typically spinning rods have 5 small guides arraigned along the rod which are used to help control the line, and a sliding lock for attaching a reel. Spinning reels are widely used in fishing for popular North American sport fish including bass, pike and walleye. Spin casting rods are also widely used for trolling and still fishing.
The following are sub-sets of spin casting rods:
- Ultra-light Rods
These are used in fishing "ultra-light" with small, very thin rods (usually 4 to 5 feet long and as thick as a pencil). These rods usually carry 2 to 6 pound force (9 to 27 N) test fishing line and throw bait no larger then 1/8th of an ounce (4 g). Originally produced to bring more excitement to fishing, ultra-light fishing is now catching on with trout fishers as well.
Surf fishing rods resemble spinning rods with much larger proportions. Generally between 10 to 14 feet (3 to 4 m) in length, surf fishing rods need to be larger and more robust in order for the user to get the bait out beyond where ocean surf breaks. The shallow water and low visibility of surf break zones means that fish tend to congregate just beyond this area. Some people can use surf rods to cast six ounces of lead weight and bait hundreds of feet, and casting competitions are sometimes held on dry land.
- Jigging Rods
Jigging rods are very thick spin casting rods which are used to bounce heavy metal lures on or near the ocean bottom. Very heavy bait and line is used in ocean jigging in order to reach the ocean floor through strong currents. To counter act this, jigging rods need to be stiffer and with a larger diameter than spinning rods used for casting or in fresh water applications. Bottom fish such as halibut and cod require a jigging rod.
Jigging as a technique is also practiced in fresh water, however as a rule, normal spin casting rods can be used for this.
- Cane Poles
Long slender pieces of bamboo. They are great for allowing you to not disturb the fish and reaching out of the way places.
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